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Yellow Wallpaper Essay, Research Paper

Nicole Walker

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English Paper # 3

Dr. Murray

Oct. 28, 2000

& # 8220 ; Descent into Insanity & # 8221 ;

In Charlotte Perkins Gilman & # 8217 ; s & # 8220 ; The Yellow Wallpaper, & # 8221 ; a nervous married woman, an overprotective hubby, and a big, clammy room covered in moldy wallpaper all play of import parts in driving the married woman insane. The hubby & # 8217 ; s surrounding attending, combined with the stray environment, incites the nervous nature of the married woman, doing her to immerse into insanity to the point she sees herself in the wallpaper. The writer & # 8217 ; s consummate usage of non merely the scene ( of both clip and topographic point ) , but besides of first individual point of position, allows the reader to take part in the adult female & # 8217 ; s turning insanity.

In 18 90 & # 8211 ; one, when the & # 8220 ; The Yellow Wallpaper & # 8221 ; was written, adult females were frequently treated as 2nd & # 8211 ; category citizens. They were, for the most portion, dominated by a society controlled by work forces. The work forces were the leaders, governing the place and the workplace ; the adult females were under their authorization. The married woman, of whom this narrative is about, reflects this attitude society has towards her. Her hubby even decides what furniture and things are to be in her room. She submits to those determinations, even to the point of holding with him. This is evidenced when she says, & # 8220 ; But he is right plenty about the beds and Windowss and things? ? I would non be so silly as to do him uncomfortable merely for a caprice & # 8221 ; ( 472 ) . Wives like this were regarded as ownerships of the hubbies, and, in visible radiation of that, they had few rights. Merely as was the married woman, many adult females were believed to be good merely for bearing kids and running a family. Often times the hubby retained a housekeeper or some such retainer so the married womans merely bore kids and did small else. In the instance of the married woman in our narrative, her hubby, John, goes so far as to handle her like a kid after the birth of their babe, as evidenced by his naming her & # 8220 ; my darling & # 8221 ; and & # 8220 ; small miss & # 8221 ; ( 475 ) . He had even hired a housekeeper to take attention of non merely the house, but the babe every bit good. John besides controlled about everything in her life. In fact, the lone thing he did non control was her journal authorship, and even so she had to conceal it from him since he did non O.K. of it. When he comes she says, & # 8220 ; I must set this ( the diary ) off & # 8211 ; he hates to hold me compose a word & # 8221 ; ( 471 ) . Part of John & # 8217 ; s job 1s that he is a physician. As a physician, he control & # 8217 ; s his married woman & # 8217 ; s wellness attention, ordering her medical specialties and her overall remedy. As her hubby, he is excessively emotionally involved to look at the instance objectively, or if he had, he might hold seen her head traveling before it was excessively late. Not merely that, the recognized & # 8220 ; remedy & # 8221 ; at that peculiar clip was uneffective and would merely function to do his married woman worse ( 473 ) . This & # 8220 ; remedy & # 8221 ; was the merchandise of a certain Dr. Weir Mitchell ; a nervus specializer whose theory of a & # 8220 ; rest remedy & # 8221 ; for mentally unstable patients was subsequently found to be unsuccessful. In the narrative, the hubby & # 8217 ; s unadvised efforts to handle his married woman & # 8217 ; s symptoms drive her insane by taking all duty from her and coercing isolation upon her as a portion of her & # 8220 ; cure. & # 8221 ;

Gilman emphasizes the married woman & # 8217 ; s isolation by depicting to the reader where the narrative is set. The retreat John takes his married woman to in & # 8220 ; The Yellow Wallpaper & # 8221 ; is a big, bedraggled Victorian sign of the zodiac & # 8220 ; rather three stat mis from the small town & # 8221 ; ( 470 ) . It is surrounded by extended gardens replete with big hedges, locking Gatess and weaving waies. This sets the sign of the zodiac & # 8220 ; good back from the route & # 8221 ; and creates many privy musca volitanss ; escalating the thought that the chief house is good off from any outside activity ( 470 ) . In fact, the married woman & # 8217 ; s first feeling causes her to name it a & # 8220 ; haunted house & # 8221 ; and inquiry why it & # 8217 ; s available for rental ( 469 ) . Part of the ground for her first feeling that the house is falling apart is because no 1 has been caring for it for some clip. This is seemingly due to & # 8220 ; legal problem & # 8221 ; affecting the inheritors ( 470 ) . The sign of the zodiac has defied clip and conditions to stand in all it & # 8217 ; s dilapidated glorification. The sign of the zodiac & # 8217 ; s strength signifies that it could be a topographic point of remainder for John & # 8217 ; s married woman, merely as he intended. However, that same strength could besides be viewed as giving the sign of the zodiac prison & # 8211 ; like qualities. Further grounds that this last reading is right is found when his married woman describes her new room, which is seemingly an old nursery/playroom/gymnasium. While this room is big and & # 8220 ; airy & # 8221 ; with many Windowss to allow in tonss of sunlight, those really Windowss are covered with bars ( 471 ) . With a closer glimpse, the reader finds that the room has a instead leery yesteryear. The married woman describes the floor as being & # 8220 ; scratched, gouged, and splintered, & # 8221 ; the plaster of the walls as being & # 8220 ; dug out in topographic points, & # 8221 ; the wallpaper as being & # 8220 ; torn off in musca volitanss & # 8221 ; and & # 8220 ; stripped off & # 8221 ; both at the top and the underside ; even the bed is portrayed as looking & # 8220 ; as if it has been through wars & # 8221 ; ( 473 & A ; 471 ) . Curiously enough the bed is bolted to the floor and it is the lone piece of furniture in the room boulder clay other furniture is brought up for her. There are & # 8220 ; rings and things in the walls & # 8221 ; and a & # 8220 ; gate at the top of the steps & # 8221 ; ( 473 & A ; 472 ) . All these inside informations about the room are implicative of a room in a sanatorium. This suggestion foreshadows the married woman & # 8217 ; s eventual descent into lunacy.

The wallpaper is the item the married woman becomes obsessed with ; it serves to reflect to the reader her turning insanity. In the beginning she views it as horrid, & # 8220 ; perpetrating every artistic wickedness & # 8221 ; ( 471 ) . Even so, she goes into great item in depicting the wallpaper, more than she does any other portion of the room. The married woman depicts non merely the paper & # 8217 ; s abhorrent shadiness of xanthous, but besides its & # 8220 ; sprawling, showy form & # 8221 ; and really hapless status ( 471 ) . As her head grows more and more unsound, she follows the form & # 8220 ; by the hr, & # 8221 ; at which clip she begins to see bars in the paper ; so she sees person behind those bars ( 474 ) . The reader can see and experience the married woman & # 8217 ; s insanity turning as she reacts to what she & # 8220 ; sees & # 8221 ; in the wallpaper. The attending she gives the wallpaper is partly due to the lone scene of her room. She has nil to make but gaze at the wallpaper all twenty-four hours long. The room is located on the top floor of the sign of the zodiac, off from all the mundane occurrences of the family. Here the writer develops her subject of isolation by switching the scene from the forlorn scene of the sign of the zodiac to the alone scene of the room. This parallels the narrowing of the married woman & # 8217 ; s focal point from all the facets of her milieus to merely the wallpaper, so, at the terminal, from the wallpaper to herself & # 8211 ; her freedom, or deficiency of it. There are no outside stimulation to take her head off the wallpa

per due to her husband/doctor’s edict that she is to “rest” and non hold any duty. She is “to have, ” she says, “perfect rest.” ( 471 ) . Since she has nil to make but analyze the wallpaper, she continues her hunt for something deeper in it until, eventually, she sees herself trapped in it, the adult female she sees “stooping down and crawling about” behind the form ( 475 ) . It is at this point the married woman notices the musty odor of the wallpaper every bit good as its shifting forms and altering sunglassess of yellow ( 476 ) . Her noticing that the wallpaper has a musty, moldy odor shows the extent of her mind’s decay. At the terminal, she notices the “women creeping” in the paper, and all she desires is to liberate them ( 478 & 479 ) . The reader can now see that the married woman has gone wholly and irreversibly huffy. Evidences that suggest her insanity includes crawling around the room, gnawing the bedpost in defeat, rupturing paper off the walls, and so locking the door, and fliping out the key into the shrubs ( 479, 480, & 481 ) .

However, we as readers can merely to the full appreciate the advancement of the married woman & # 8217 ; s descent into insanity and feel for her predicament because we see the state of affairs from her position. Besides, because the married woman has no name, the reader can set him or herself into the married woman & # 8217 ; s state of affairs. From this position we get a graphic word picture of what it is like to travel huffy. If the narrative had been told from a limited omniscient or all-knowing point of position, excessively much item would hold been given. It would hold cluttered the narrative, lessened the reader & # 8217 ; s understanding for the married woman, and detracted from the cardinal subject of the narrative ( the married woman & # 8217 ; s turning compulsion with the wallpaper { her increasing insanity } ) . A 3rd individual participant point of position would non work either. First, John, her hubby and physician, would deny that she had a serious job, doing the reader unaware of the true state of affairs. And once more, we would experience less sympathy towards the married woman. Second, if the narrative were narrated by the housekeeper, Jane, the reader might be given a intimation that the married woman was traveling huffy, but her province of head would be unsure until the terminal. In either character & # 8217 ; s instance, the wallpaper would keep small significance to him or her.

In seeing the narrative through the married woman & # 8217 ; s eyes, we can see that her mental unwellness in & # 8220 ; The Yellow Wallpaper & # 8221 ; is inevitable. Between society & # 8217 ; s position of adult females at that clip, the hubby & # 8217 ; s attitude towards her, and his uneffective redresss, the married woman & # 8217 ; s mental instability can merely turn worse. The wallpaper lets the reader follow the adult female & # 8217 ; s arrested development into insanity as the narrative progresses. Merely with the first individual point of position ( the married woman & # 8217 ; s ) can the reader follow this arrested development of the head. All in all, this is a sad narrative of a adult female & # 8217 ; s battle for saneness in an apathetic society.

Intro = talk about bird of Minerva ( barn bird of Minerva and gnawer & # 8211 ; natural history

Procedure _ what we did

Table

Discussion & # 8212 ; make percentagese and such? B.S.

Drumhead -Wrap it up, ? .

Nicole Walker

Complete Outline

I. Introduction

In Charlotte Perkins Gilman & # 8217 ; s & # 8220 ; The Yellow Wallpaper, & # 8221 ; a nervous married woman, an overprotective hubby, and a big, clammy room covered in moldy wallpaper all play of import parts in driving the married woman insane. The hubby & # 8217 ; s surrounding attending, combined with the stray environment, incites the nervous nature of the married woman, doing her to immerse into insanity to the point she sees herself in the wallpaper. The writer & # 8217 ; s consummate usage of non merely the scene ( of both clip and topographic point ) , but besides of first individual point of position, allows the reader participate in the adult female & # 8217 ; s turning insanity.

II. Puting in Time

A. Mid 1800 & # 8217 ; s- 1900 & # 8217 ; s

a ) A clip in society where the household establishment was rigorous

B ) Women were ownerships of work forces

B. Women & # 8217 ; s Rights

a ) They are regarded as tantrum merely to bear kids

B ) They are kept from places other than traditional 1s

C. Relationship in Marriage

a ) Husband treats her like a kid instead than a married woman

B ) Husband is commanding

D. Inaccurate Medical Information

a ) The remedy for her prescribed by her hubby and brother merely makes things worse

B ) They inadvertently aid her descent into insanity by the rigorous regimen they force upon her

III. Setting of Place

A. Older & # 8216 ; Victorian Mansion & # 8217 ; with a fly-by-night yesteryear

a ) It is a melancholic topographic point with a sad kind of ambiance

B ) Neglected and abandoned house

degree Celsius ) Defying clip and conditions to destruct it

B. Jail-like room in hapless status

a ) Bed bolted to floor

B ) Bars on Windowss

degree Celsius ) Rings and things in the walls

vitamin D ) Bolted or locked door

vitamin E ) Lack of furniture

C. Wallpaper form, colour, status and odor

a ) Pattern is sprawling, ugly, and repetitive

B ) Color is a dirty, away shadiness of xanthous and really abhorrent

degree Celsius ) Condition is hapless with ripped and missing subdivisions

vitamin D ) Smell is symbolic of her disintegrating province of head

D. Solitary scene

a ) The deficiency of stimulation due to isolation provenders her compulsion with the wallpaper

B ) The remotion of duty causes her to lose her clasp on world as she is forced into uselessness

degree Celsius ) Parturiency to her room causes her to contract her focal point from the house to the room and so from

the room to the wallpaper and its form. With nil else to make she continues this hunt for

something deeper and goes into the form of the wallpaper, from at that place to the wallpapers aroma.

IV. Point of View

A. First Person Participant

a ) This lets us see how and why she thinks and behaves the manner she does

B ) If it were from another characters point of position we would lose many of import inside informations

degree Celsius ) If it were merely limited all-knowing point of position the reader would non be able to sympathise so

good with the chief character and would see the hubby in a different visible radiation

B. Limited Omniscient and Omniscient

a ) Excessively much information

B ) Story less traveling

degree Celsius ) Unsympathetic to married woman and her state of affairs

C. Third Person Participant

a ) Husband in denial and housekeeper unaware

B ) Too small information, unsympathetic

degree Celsius ) Cant see relevancy of wallpaper to narrative

V. Summary

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