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Turkish Women Essay, Research Paper

? . ? a? district attorney? Hatino? Lu

Adam AvRuskin

Communicationss 102

Literature Review and Critique



Gender segragation is ever a major job for Middle Eastern states.

Thingss have changed a batch for Turkish adult females in the twentieth century. After the reforms of

Atat? rk, adult females had more rights than they had. These articles talk about the Turkish

adult females and alteration in the early twentieth century. There are four issues that are discussed in

item. First one is instruction. Second issue is legal reforms. Third issue is that whether

the rights given to adult females are fought for or given by the authorities. And eventually, last

issue is that whether the rights were enjoyed every bit by the full female population or


First issue is instruction which is an of import establishment for a state to

develop. Atat? rk gave great importance to instruction. Zehra Arat states that & # 8220 ; Kemalist

reforms were non aimed at emancipating adult females or at advancing the development of female

individuality & # 8221 ; ( 58 ) . She thinks that Ata? rk gave importance to adult females & # 8217 ; s instruction to do

them better married womans and female parents. What she differs from other authors is that she critices

Ata? rk harshly. But she doesn & # 8217 ; t speak about Ata? rk & # 8217 ; s adopted kid Sabiha G? K? nut who

was a pilot. If Atat? rk was giving importance to instruction of adult females merely because to

do them better married womans and female parents, why would he allow her ain kid to be a pilot? We

all can see that a adult females pilot can & # 8217 ; t be a really good female parent. I think Zehra Arat should

hold talked about that. Zehra Arat shows us that there were differences between the

course of studies of male childs and misss. Girls were taught stitching, kid attention and classs like that

while male childs were taught handicraft. She besides states that & # 8220 ; female pupils were carefuly

examined by their instructors & # 8221 ; ( 71 ) . These are really of import points because we still see

that today in our schools, misss are more carefully controlled I

n some senses.

Second issue is legal reforms. Nermin Abadan-Unat provinces that & # 8220 ; Atat? rk

used legal reforms as a radical tool to extinguish the traditional Islamic norms and

law & # 8221 ; ( 188 ) . She besides thinks that this is a sort of province feminism. Zehra Arat

critices Swiss codification for & # 8220 ; neglecting to set up full equality between the sexes & # 8221 ; ( 63 ) .

Zehra Arat states that & # 8220 ; in add-on to the civil codification, unequal interventions of sexes can besides

be found in the felon and labour Torahs & # 8221 ; ( 65 ) . Kumari Jayawardena besides talks about the

Swiss codification, but she doesn & # 8217 ; t advert the losing points of the codification like other authors do.

Cem Behar and Alan Duben province that & # 8220 ; The Republican Code of 1926, a radical

papers from an Islamic ponit of position, gives the legal countenance of the modernists to the

traditional gender division of labour & # 8221 ; ( 221 ) .

Third issue is that whether the rights given to adult females were fought for or given

by the authorities. Nermin Abadan-Unat provinces that & # 8220 ; the chief progressive alterations

were non fought for but were given by the authorities in order to turn out that, in allowing

equal rights to adult females, the new Turkey was making a degree of modern-day civilisation

and was a symbol to the universe & # 8221 ; ( Jayawardena 41 ) . Nermin Abadan? nat concludes that

& # 8220 ; the major rights conferred on Turkish adult females were much more the consequence of unrelenting

attempts of a little evolutionary elite, instead than the merchandise of large-scale demands by

Turkey & # 8217 ; s full female population & # 8221 ; ( Abadan Unat 1981:12-13 ) . In this point, Fatmag? cubic decimeter

Berktay thinks that & # 8220 ; although the alterations were initiated by a overhauling male elite, and

although a important adult females & # 8217 ; s motion was absent in the period, to state that the

enterprise was wholly out of the custodies of adult females underestimates the battle adult females

waged for emancipation from the Tanzimat onward & # 8221 ; ( 108 ) .

Fourth issue is that whether the rights were every bit enjoyed by the full

female population or non. All authors here accept that the rights were non every bit


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