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Susan B. Anthony Essay, Research Paper

I. Susan B. Anthony: A Biographical Introduction

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Susan Brownell Anthony was born on February 15, 1820 in

Adams, Massachusetts to Daniel and Lucy Anthony. Susan was

the 2nd Born of eight kids in a rigorous Quaker household.

Her male parent, Daniel Anthony, was said to hold been a austere

adult male, a Quaker Abolitionist and a cotton maker Born

near the decision of the 18th century. From what I

read, he believed in & # 8220 ; steering & # 8221 ; his kids, non in

& # 8216 ; directing & # 8217 ; them. Daniel Anthony did non let his

offspring to see the infantile amusements of playthings,

games, and music, which were seen as distractions from the

& # 8220 ; inner light. & # 8221 ; Alternatively he enforced self-denial,

principled strong beliefs, and the belief in one & # 8217 ; s own

dignity.

Each of my beginnings indicates that Susan was a precocious

kid and she learned to read and compose at the age of three.

In 1826, the Anthonys moved from Massachusetts to

Battensville, New York where Susan attended a territory

school. When the instructor refused to learn Susan long

division, Susan was taken out of school and taught in a

& # 8220 ; place school & # 8221 ; set up by her male parent. The school was run by a

adult female instructor, Mary Perkins. Perkins offered a new image of

muliebrity to Susan and her sisters. She was independent and

educated and held a place that had traditionally been

reserved to immature work forces. Ultimately, Susan was sent to

get oning school near Philadelphia. She taught at a female

academy and Quaker get oning school, in upstate New York from

1846-49. Afterwards, she settled in her

household place in Rochester, New York. It was here that she

began her first public campaign on behalf of moderation

( Anthony, 1975 ) .

II. The Struggle for Women & # 8217 ; s Rights

Susan B. Anthony & # 8217 ; s first engagement in the universe of

reform was in the moderation motion. This was one of the

first looks of original feminism in the United States

and it dealt with the maltreatments of adult females and kids who

suffered from alcoholic hubbies. The first adult females & # 8217 ; s rights

convention had taken topographic point in Seneca Falls, New York, in

July of 1848. The declaration that emerged was modeled after

the Declaration of Independence. Written by Elizabeth Cady

Stanton, it claimed that & # 8220 ; all work forces and adult females are created

equal & # 8221 ; and that & # 8220 ; the history of world is a history of

repeated hurts and trespasss on the portion of adult male toward

adult female & # 8221 ; ( Harper, 1993, vol. 1 ) . Following a long list of

grudges were declarations for just Torahs, equal

educational and occupation chances, and the right to vote.

One twelvemonth subsequently in 1849, Susan B. Anthony gave her first

public address for the & # 8220 ; Daugters of Temperance & # 8221 ; and so

helped to establish the Woman & # 8217 ; s State Temperance Society of New

York, one of the first such organisations of its clip.

In 1851, she went to Syracuse to go to a series of

anti-slavery meetings. During this clip Susan met Elizabeth

Stanton in individual, became fast friends, and

later joined her and another adult female named Amelia

Bloomer in runs for adult females & # 8217 ; s rights. In 1854, she

devoted herself to the anti-slavery motion functioning from

1856 to the eruption of the civil war in 1861. Here, Susan

B. Anthony served as an agent for the American Anti-slavery

Society. Afterwards, she collaborated with Stanton and

published the New York broad hebdomadally, & # 8220 ; The Revolution. & # 8221 ;

( from 1868-70 ) which called for equal wage for adult females ( Harper,

1993, vols. 1 & A ; 2 ) .

In 1872, Susan demanded that adult females be given the same

civil and political rights that had been extended to black

males under the 14th and 15th amendments. Therefore, she led a

group of adult females to the polls in Rochester to prove the right

of adult females to vote. She was arrested two hebdomads subsequently and while

expecting test, engaged in extremely publicized talk Tourss

and in March 1873, she tried to vote once more in metropolis

elections. After being tried and convicted of go againsting the

voting Torahs, Susan succeeded in her refusal to pay the mulct

of one hundred dollars. From so on- she campaigned

infinitely for a federal adult female right to vote amendment through the

National Woman Suffrage Association ( NAWSA ) ( from 1869-90 )

and the National American Woman Suffrage Association ( from

1890-1906 ) and by talking throughout the state every bit good

( Barry, 1988 ) .

III. After Antony: The Struggle Continues

The battle to finally win the ballot was a slow and

thwarting one. Wyoming District in 1869, Utah Territory

in 1870, and the provinces of Colorado in 1893 and Idaho in

1896 given adult females the ballot but the Eastern provinces still

resisted it. The woman-suffrage amendment to the Federal

Fundamental law, presented to every Congress since 1878,

repeatedly failed to go through.

Over a coevals subsequently, when the United States entered

World War I in April 1917, the NAWSA pledged its support.

Thousands of suffragists folded patchs in their local

central offices and volunteered to work in infirmaries and

authorities offices. The right to vote leaders hoped that after

the war American adult females would be rewarded with the ballot for

their loyal attempts.

Some feminist leaders split with the NAWSA over its

support of the war. Another adult female named Alice Paul led the

Congressional Union for Women & # 8217 ; s Suffrage, subsequently called the

National Woman & # 8217 ; s party, in fomenting for the ballot during the

war. Another group, the New York subdivision of the Woman & # 8217 ; s

Peace party, led by a adult female named Crystal Eastman, refused

to back up the war & # 8220 ; to do the universe safe for democracy & # 8221 ;

P >

when American adult females did non hold democratic rights. The

national Woman & # 8217 ; s Peace party, headed by Jane Addams,

supported a peace colony but did non openly oppose the

war ( Meyer, 1987 ) .

Congress eventually did go through the adult females & # 8217 ; s right to vote measure in

June 1919, and the 19th Amendment to the Constitution became

jurisprudence on August 26 of 1920. With that one happening,

about 25 million adult females had won the right

to vote ( Meyer, 1987 ) . Following the right to vote triumph,

NAWSA members transferred their commitment to the freshly

created League of Women Voters, a non-partisan organisation

dedicated to educating adult females on political issues. The

National Woman & # 8217 ; s party worked toward an amendment to the

Constitution supplying complete equality of rights for

adult females. The Woman & # 8217 ; s Peace party became attached with

another pacificist group, the Women & # 8217 ; s International League for

Peace and Freedom.

In Great Britain, as in the United States, woman-suffrage

workers divided into two cantonments & # 8211 ; the moderate National Union

of Women & # 8217 ; s Suffrage Societies and the hawkish Women & # 8217 ; s

Social and Political Union, led by Emmeline Pankhurst and

her girls Christabel and Sylvia. A measure confabulating

right to vote on adult females over 30 was passed by the British

Parliament in 1918. Ten old ages subsequently the age bound was

lowered to 21. Meanwhile, New Zealand had granted full

right to vote in 1893, and Australia in 1902. Womans had won full

right to vote in Finland in 1906 and in Norway in 1913 and were

voting in most states by the clip World War II broke out.

In 1945, Nipponese adult females besides received the right to vote.

Womans voted for the first clip in France in 1945. Womans in

Italy won the right to vote one twelvemonth subsequently in 1946.

( Meyer, 1987 ) .

IV. Conclusive Remarks

Susan B. Anthony, along with Stanton and Matilda Joslyn

Pot had published & # 8220 ; The History of Woman Suffrage & # 8221 ; ( in four

volumes released from 1881-1902 ) In 1888, she organized the

International Council of Women and in 1904 the International

Woman Suffrage Alliance ( Harper, 1993, vol. 3 ) . Although

Anthony did non populate to see the consummation of her attempts

to win the right to vote for adult females, the constitution of the

19th amendment is profoundly owed to her attempts.

Susan B. Anthony died of natural causes in 1906 but as

was indicated within the old subdivision, her dreams

surely did non decease with her. Anthony is known to hold

ever acknowledged Stanton as the laminitis of the adult females & # 8217 ; s

rights motion. Her ain accomplishment ballad in her inspiration

and doggedness in conveying together huge Numberss of people

of both sexes around the individual end of the ballot.

Because of Aunt Susan & # 8217 ; s love for adult females & # 8217 ; s rights and

doggedness in her cause, adult females today undeniably bask a

great many more rights and privileges than those of the

old century. For one hundred old ages ago, a adult female was

ruled by a authorities and a jurisprudence in which she had no voice

and no say. If she felt herself wronged in any manner, form,

or form- she had no manner of doing the fact known to the jurisprudence,

or no manner in which she might propose a remedying solution

for it. It was an unheard of thing for a adult female to talk out

in public. None of the state & # 8217 ; s colleges or universities

admitted adult females as pupils. Females were barred from about

all

profitable employments, and in those that we were permitted

to prosecute, adult females received merely one one-fourth of the adult male & # 8217 ; s

compensation for the same work ; females could ne’er go

non go a physician or attorney, or, & # 8211 ; except within the

Society of Friends, & # 8211 ; a curate ( Lutz, 1976 ) .

If she was married any rewards she might gain were non

hers, but must be handed by the employer to her hubby, who

was in every manner her maestro, the jurisprudence even giving him the

power to castigate or penalize her. The Torahs of divorce were so

framed as to be entirely irrespective of the felicity of adult females,

in every instance the adult male ever deriving the control of the

children- even if he were the wrongdoer in the instance. A male parent

could apprentice his kids without the leave of the

female parent, and at his decease could name a defender for them,

thereby taking them from the female parent & # 8217 ; s control. Man

endeavored in every manner possible to destruct adult female & # 8217 ; s

assurance in her powers, to decrease her self-respect and to

do her willing to take a dependent, subservient life. It

truly seemed as if adult male had assumed the powers of the Lord

himself in claiming it as his right to state adult female what she

might or might non make, and what was or was non her topographic point.

For more than half a century, Susan B. Anthony had

fought for alteration in the signifier of adult females & # 8217 ; s rights. Harmonizing

to my research, many people impolitely made merriment of her. Some

insulted her. Nevertheless, she traveled from county to

county in New York and other provinces doing addresss and

forming nines for adult females & # 8217 ; s rights.

She pleaded her cause with every president from Abraham

Lincoln to Theodore Roosevelt. On July 2, 1979, the U.S.

Mint suitably honored her work by publishing the

well-known Susan B. Anthony dollar coin ( Barry, 1988 ) .

Bibliography

V. Bibliography

Anthony, Katherine S. Susan B. Anthony: Her Personal

History and Era.

Re-Printed in 1975.

Barry, K. , Susan B. Anthony. Printed in 1988.

Harper, I. H. , The Life and Work of Susan B. Anthony,

3 vols. 1898-1908 ; reprinted in 1993.

Lutz, Alma, Susan B. Anthony. Reprinted in 1976.

Meyer, Donald. , Sex and Power: The Rise of Women All Oeer

the World. ,

Printed in 1987.

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