Susan B. Anthony Essay, Research Paper
I. Susan B. Anthony: A Biographical Introduction
Susan Brownell Anthony was born on February 15, 1820 in
Adams, Massachusetts to Daniel and Lucy Anthony. Susan was
the 2nd Born of eight kids in a rigorous Quaker household.
Her male parent, Daniel Anthony, was said to hold been a austere
adult male, a Quaker Abolitionist and a cotton maker Born
near the decision of the 18th century. From what I
read, he believed in & # 8220 ; steering & # 8221 ; his kids, non in
& # 8216 ; directing & # 8217 ; them. Daniel Anthony did non let his
offspring to see the infantile amusements of playthings,
games, and music, which were seen as distractions from the
& # 8220 ; inner light. & # 8221 ; Alternatively he enforced self-denial,
principled strong beliefs, and the belief in one & # 8217 ; s own
Each of my beginnings indicates that Susan was a precocious
kid and she learned to read and compose at the age of three.
In 1826, the Anthonys moved from Massachusetts to
Battensville, New York where Susan attended a territory
school. When the instructor refused to learn Susan long
division, Susan was taken out of school and taught in a
& # 8220 ; place school & # 8221 ; set up by her male parent. The school was run by a
adult female instructor, Mary Perkins. Perkins offered a new image of
muliebrity to Susan and her sisters. She was independent and
educated and held a place that had traditionally been
reserved to immature work forces. Ultimately, Susan was sent to
get oning school near Philadelphia. She taught at a female
academy and Quaker get oning school, in upstate New York from
1846-49. Afterwards, she settled in her
household place in Rochester, New York. It was here that she
began her first public campaign on behalf of moderation
( Anthony, 1975 ) .
II. The Struggle for Women & # 8217 ; s Rights
Susan B. Anthony & # 8217 ; s first engagement in the universe of
reform was in the moderation motion. This was one of the
first looks of original feminism in the United States
and it dealt with the maltreatments of adult females and kids who
suffered from alcoholic hubbies. The first adult females & # 8217 ; s rights
convention had taken topographic point in Seneca Falls, New York, in
July of 1848. The declaration that emerged was modeled after
the Declaration of Independence. Written by Elizabeth Cady
Stanton, it claimed that & # 8220 ; all work forces and adult females are created
equal & # 8221 ; and that & # 8220 ; the history of world is a history of
repeated hurts and trespasss on the portion of adult male toward
adult female & # 8221 ; ( Harper, 1993, vol. 1 ) . Following a long list of
grudges were declarations for just Torahs, equal
educational and occupation chances, and the right to vote.
One twelvemonth subsequently in 1849, Susan B. Anthony gave her first
public address for the & # 8220 ; Daugters of Temperance & # 8221 ; and so
helped to establish the Woman & # 8217 ; s State Temperance Society of New
York, one of the first such organisations of its clip.
In 1851, she went to Syracuse to go to a series of
anti-slavery meetings. During this clip Susan met Elizabeth
Stanton in individual, became fast friends, and
later joined her and another adult female named Amelia
Bloomer in runs for adult females & # 8217 ; s rights. In 1854, she
devoted herself to the anti-slavery motion functioning from
1856 to the eruption of the civil war in 1861. Here, Susan
B. Anthony served as an agent for the American Anti-slavery
Society. Afterwards, she collaborated with Stanton and
published the New York broad hebdomadally, & # 8220 ; The Revolution. & # 8221 ;
( from 1868-70 ) which called for equal wage for adult females ( Harper,
1993, vols. 1 & A ; 2 ) .
In 1872, Susan demanded that adult females be given the same
civil and political rights that had been extended to black
males under the 14th and 15th amendments. Therefore, she led a
group of adult females to the polls in Rochester to prove the right
of adult females to vote. She was arrested two hebdomads subsequently and while
expecting test, engaged in extremely publicized talk Tourss
and in March 1873, she tried to vote once more in metropolis
elections. After being tried and convicted of go againsting the
voting Torahs, Susan succeeded in her refusal to pay the mulct
of one hundred dollars. From so on- she campaigned
infinitely for a federal adult female right to vote amendment through the
National Woman Suffrage Association ( NAWSA ) ( from 1869-90 )
and the National American Woman Suffrage Association ( from
1890-1906 ) and by talking throughout the state every bit good
( Barry, 1988 ) .
III. After Antony: The Struggle Continues
The battle to finally win the ballot was a slow and
thwarting one. Wyoming District in 1869, Utah Territory
in 1870, and the provinces of Colorado in 1893 and Idaho in
1896 given adult females the ballot but the Eastern provinces still
resisted it. The woman-suffrage amendment to the Federal
Fundamental law, presented to every Congress since 1878,
repeatedly failed to go through.
Over a coevals subsequently, when the United States entered
World War I in April 1917, the NAWSA pledged its support.
Thousands of suffragists folded patchs in their local
central offices and volunteered to work in infirmaries and
authorities offices. The right to vote leaders hoped that after
the war American adult females would be rewarded with the ballot for
their loyal attempts.
Some feminist leaders split with the NAWSA over its
support of the war. Another adult female named Alice Paul led the
Congressional Union for Women & # 8217 ; s Suffrage, subsequently called the
National Woman & # 8217 ; s party, in fomenting for the ballot during the
war. Another group, the New York subdivision of the Woman & # 8217 ; s
Peace party, led by a adult female named Crystal Eastman, refused
to back up the war & # 8220 ; to do the universe safe for democracy & # 8221 ;
when American adult females did non hold democratic rights. The
national Woman & # 8217 ; s Peace party, headed by Jane Addams,
supported a peace colony but did non openly oppose the
war ( Meyer, 1987 ) .
Congress eventually did go through the adult females & # 8217 ; s right to vote measure in
June 1919, and the 19th Amendment to the Constitution became
jurisprudence on August 26 of 1920. With that one happening,
about 25 million adult females had won the right
to vote ( Meyer, 1987 ) . Following the right to vote triumph,
NAWSA members transferred their commitment to the freshly
created League of Women Voters, a non-partisan organisation
dedicated to educating adult females on political issues. The
National Woman & # 8217 ; s party worked toward an amendment to the
Constitution supplying complete equality of rights for
adult females. The Woman & # 8217 ; s Peace party became attached with
another pacificist group, the Women & # 8217 ; s International League for
Peace and Freedom.
In Great Britain, as in the United States, woman-suffrage
workers divided into two cantonments & # 8211 ; the moderate National Union
of Women & # 8217 ; s Suffrage Societies and the hawkish Women & # 8217 ; s
Social and Political Union, led by Emmeline Pankhurst and
her girls Christabel and Sylvia. A measure confabulating
right to vote on adult females over 30 was passed by the British
Parliament in 1918. Ten old ages subsequently the age bound was
lowered to 21. Meanwhile, New Zealand had granted full
right to vote in 1893, and Australia in 1902. Womans had won full
right to vote in Finland in 1906 and in Norway in 1913 and were
voting in most states by the clip World War II broke out.
In 1945, Nipponese adult females besides received the right to vote.
Womans voted for the first clip in France in 1945. Womans in
Italy won the right to vote one twelvemonth subsequently in 1946.
( Meyer, 1987 ) .
IV. Conclusive Remarks
Susan B. Anthony, along with Stanton and Matilda Joslyn
Pot had published & # 8220 ; The History of Woman Suffrage & # 8221 ; ( in four
volumes released from 1881-1902 ) In 1888, she organized the
International Council of Women and in 1904 the International
Woman Suffrage Alliance ( Harper, 1993, vol. 3 ) . Although
Anthony did non populate to see the consummation of her attempts
to win the right to vote for adult females, the constitution of the
19th amendment is profoundly owed to her attempts.
Susan B. Anthony died of natural causes in 1906 but as
was indicated within the old subdivision, her dreams
surely did non decease with her. Anthony is known to hold
ever acknowledged Stanton as the laminitis of the adult females & # 8217 ; s
rights motion. Her ain accomplishment ballad in her inspiration
and doggedness in conveying together huge Numberss of people
of both sexes around the individual end of the ballot.
Because of Aunt Susan & # 8217 ; s love for adult females & # 8217 ; s rights and
doggedness in her cause, adult females today undeniably bask a
great many more rights and privileges than those of the
old century. For one hundred old ages ago, a adult female was
ruled by a authorities and a jurisprudence in which she had no voice
and no say. If she felt herself wronged in any manner, form,
or form- she had no manner of doing the fact known to the jurisprudence,
or no manner in which she might propose a remedying solution
for it. It was an unheard of thing for a adult female to talk out
in public. None of the state & # 8217 ; s colleges or universities
admitted adult females as pupils. Females were barred from about
profitable employments, and in those that we were permitted
to prosecute, adult females received merely one one-fourth of the adult male & # 8217 ; s
compensation for the same work ; females could ne’er go
non go a physician or attorney, or, & # 8211 ; except within the
Society of Friends, & # 8211 ; a curate ( Lutz, 1976 ) .
If she was married any rewards she might gain were non
hers, but must be handed by the employer to her hubby, who
was in every manner her maestro, the jurisprudence even giving him the
power to castigate or penalize her. The Torahs of divorce were so
framed as to be entirely irrespective of the felicity of adult females,
in every instance the adult male ever deriving the control of the
children- even if he were the wrongdoer in the instance. A male parent
could apprentice his kids without the leave of the
female parent, and at his decease could name a defender for them,
thereby taking them from the female parent & # 8217 ; s control. Man
endeavored in every manner possible to destruct adult female & # 8217 ; s
assurance in her powers, to decrease her self-respect and to
do her willing to take a dependent, subservient life. It
truly seemed as if adult male had assumed the powers of the Lord
himself in claiming it as his right to state adult female what she
might or might non make, and what was or was non her topographic point.
For more than half a century, Susan B. Anthony had
fought for alteration in the signifier of adult females & # 8217 ; s rights. Harmonizing
to my research, many people impolitely made merriment of her. Some
insulted her. Nevertheless, she traveled from county to
county in New York and other provinces doing addresss and
forming nines for adult females & # 8217 ; s rights.
She pleaded her cause with every president from Abraham
Lincoln to Theodore Roosevelt. On July 2, 1979, the U.S.
Mint suitably honored her work by publishing the
well-known Susan B. Anthony dollar coin ( Barry, 1988 ) .
Anthony, Katherine S. Susan B. Anthony: Her Personal
History and Era.
Re-Printed in 1975.
Barry, K. , Susan B. Anthony. Printed in 1988.
Harper, I. H. , The Life and Work of Susan B. Anthony,
3 vols. 1898-1908 ; reprinted in 1993.
Lutz, Alma, Susan B. Anthony. Reprinted in 1976.
Meyer, Donald. , Sex and Power: The Rise of Women All Oeer
the World. ,
Printed in 1987.