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Sigmund Freud Essay, Research Paper

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Filename: 23LK.TXT

A Subject: 033: Science: Psychology

A Title: Sigmund Freud

documents = Runing Head: Sigmund Freud: Psycho-Analysis

Sigmund Freud: Psycho-Analysis

Frederick Stoller

Troy State University

Sigmund Freud & # 8217 ; s positions continue to act upon the modern-day patterns of many

psychologists today. Many theories of psychological science have been influenced by Freud & # 8217 ; s

psychoanalytic method. Many of his basic constructs are still used by many theoreticians.

Kno Sigmund Freud was born on May 6, 1856 in Freiburg, a rural town near Ostrau in

northeasterly Moravia. The town of Freiburg subsequently became Pribor and was finally

absorbed into the modern province of Czechoslovakia. Freud & # 8217 ; s father Jakob Freud was a

Jewi In 1878 he changed his name from Sigismund to Sigmund. He obtained his

doctor’s degree in medical specialty in March of 1881, and worked as a research helper at the

Institute of Physiology under Ernst Brucke, with neurology as his chief focal point. In 1882

Freud did On April 25, 1886, Freud opened up his first neurologist office in Vienna. In

September of the same twelvemonth he married Martha Bernays. The matrimony between the

two produced six kids and was really successful. In 1887 Martha gave birth to

Freud & # 8217 ; s fi vitamin E studied the significance of certain upsets. In that same twelvemonth Freud was

appointed an associate professor of the Faculty of Medicine of the University of

Vienna. ( Jones, 1970 ) .

Freud decimated much clip in his work. He held curative Sessionss with patients

up to 12 hours a twenty-four hours and continued his plants till the late hours in the forenoon. He

gave legion talks, foremost in the United States in 1909 at the University of Wo In

Freud & # 8217 ; s book A General Introduction to Psycho-Analysis he makes a basic

premise. & # 8220 ; We Know two sorts of things about what we call our mind ( or mental

life ) : foremost, its bodily organ and sense of action, the encephalon ( or nervous system ) and, on

ost of import throughout life. Under the influence of the existent universe a part of the Id

has undergone development. Freud suggests because of birth there is now get downing

to develop an intermediate between the Id and the external universe. Freud named this

The chief features of the Ego are that it has voluntary motion at its

bid. It has the undertaking of self saving. It besides preforms the undertaking of going

aware of stimulation, & # 8220 ; by hive awaying up hive awaying up experiences about them ( in memory ) , ed

from consciousness. Denial is another defence mechanism that distorts what an

single thinks or feels. Reaction formation is a defence against a threatening

impulse and so to show the opposite urge. Projection is taking 1s ain Acts of the Apostless

of unacc up positive traits for certain failings. There is a sum of 11 Ego

defence mechanisms. These mechanisms are at that place so the Ego will non be

overwhelmed by anxiousness. The Ego gives up its connexion in the external universe in the

province of slumber. Accor The Ego has to postulate with now a 3rd power known as the

Super Ego. The relationship between the Ego and the Super Ego is traced back to

the persons parental influences harmonizing to Freud. & # 8220 ; This parental influence of

class includes in its op The 2nd half of Freud & # 8217 ; s book A General Introduction to

Psycho-Analysis trades with inherent aptitudes and dream analysis. Freud believes that the

power of the Id expresses the true intent of the person. This consists of the

single & # 8217 ; s demands. Howev s besides known as the love inherent aptitude, or the libido. The

biological maps of the two basic inherent aptitudes operate against each other or unite

with each other. ( Laplanche, 1987 ) & A ; ( Freud, 1924 ) .

Freud besides suggests that every bit long as an instinc

T operates internally it will stay soundless

and is merely noticed when it is forced outward as an inherent aptitude of devastation. An illustration

of this is the decease inherent aptitude. Freud states that aggressive inherent aptitudes There is no inquiry

that the libido steams to the Ego from assorted variety meats and parts of the organic structure. For

illustration through sexual stimulation. The erotogenic zones are known as the most

prominent, and Freud even suggests that the whole organic structure is an erotog Freud besides

suggests that there are certain phases to the development of personality. First is the

unwritten phase. The unwritten phase goes from birth to the terminal of the first twelvemonth. It produces the

sucking physiological reaction in agencies to bring forth pleasance. In this partic sh him by emasculation. This

is known as the Oedipus composite. The female phallic phase is known as the Electra

composite where she discovers the absence of a phallus and develops phallus enviousness. The

4th phase is the latency phase. During this phase the major Freud besides believes that

dreams in an unconscious province have hidden significance. In The beginnings of

depth psychology: Letterss to Wilhelm Fliess, bill of exchange and notes, Freud discusses a dream

by a patient known merely as & # 8220 ; E & # 8221 ; :

& # 8220 ; I suppose that this is a wish dream, & # 8221 ; said E. & # 8220 ; I dreamed that, merely as I

arrived at my house with a lady, I was arrested by a police officer, who

requested me to acquire into a passenger car. I demanded more clip to set my

personal businesss in order, and so on. It was in the forenoon after I had spent the

dark with this lady. & # 8221 ; – & # 8220 ; Were you horrified? & # 8221 ; & # 8211 ; & # 8220 ; No. & # 8221 ; & # 8221 ; Do you cognize

what you were charged with? & # 8221 ; – & # 8220 ; Yes. With holding killed a kid. & # 8211 ; & # 8220 ; Has

that any connexion with world? & # 8221 ; & # 8211 ; & # 8220 ; I was one time responsible for the

abortion of a kid ensuing from an matter. I dislike believing about it. & # 8221 ; –

& # 8220 ; Well, had nil happened on the forenoon before the dream? & # 8221 ; & # 8211 ; & # 8220 ; Yes,

I woke up and had intercourse. & # 8221 ; & # 8211 ; & # 8220 ; But you took safeguards? & # 8221 ; & # 8211 ; & # 8220 ; Yes.

By withdrawing. & # 8221 ; & # 8211 ; & # 8220 ; Then you were afraid that you might hold made a

kid, and the dream shows you the fulfilment of your wish that nil

should go on, that you nipped the kid in the bud. You made usage of

the feeling of anxiousness that arises after a sexual intercourse of that sort as stuff

For your dream. & # 8221 ; ( Bonaparte, 1950 ) .

Freud suggests that the dream is utilizing patient E & # 8217 ; s frustrated sexual energy to drive a

phantasy of penalty for his matter. Freud besides believes that many inside informations in the

dreams by patients have certain significances, for illustration the memory of a clock

rep In decision, Dr. Sigmund Freud has evidently opened a immense door manner to the

behaviour of the human being. The scientific discipline of psychological science is still really immature and there

is no stating what will be detecting in the hereafter about the human mind. Many of T


Bonaparte, M. , Freud, A. , & A ; Kris, E. ( Eds. ) ( 1954 ) . The beginnings of depth psychology:

Letterss to Wilhelm Fliess, bill of exchange and notes: 1887-1902. ( E. Mosbacher & A ; J. Stachey,

Trans. ) . New York: Basic Books. ( Original work published 1950 ) .

Corey, G. Theory and Practice of Counseling and Psychotherapy, ( Fifth Edition ) .

California: Brooks/Cole Publishing Company, 1996.

Freud, Sigmund. A General Introduction to Psycho-Analysis. New York: Pocket

Books, 1953.

Jones, E. The Life and Work of Sigmund Freud. New York: Basic Books, 1957.

Laplanche. New foundations for Psychoanalysis. Oxford: Blackwell,1989. ( Original

work published in 1987. )

McGrath, W.J. Freud & # 8217 ; s find of depth psychology: The political relations of craze. Ithaca,

N.Y. Cornell University Press, 1986.

Ricoeur, P. Freud and doctrine ( D. Savage, Trans. ) New York: Yale University

Imperativeness, 1970.

Rudnytsky, P.L. Freud and Oedipus. New York: Columbia University Press, 1987.

Schur, M. Freud: Life and deceasing. New York: International Universities Press, 1972.

Sulloway, F.J. Freud, life scientist of the head: Beyond the psychological fable. New

York: Basic Books, 1979.

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