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GENETIC ENGINEERIN Essay, Research Paper

SHOULD CANADA BE ALLOWED TO CONTINUE WITH GENETIC ENGINEERING WITHOUT FEDERAL GUIDELINES?

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Should Canada be allowed to go on with familial technology without federal

guidelines?

In the past 10 old ages at that place has been a rise in a comparatively new scientific discipline, a scientific discipline that raises alot of controversial inquiries with really few replies. This scientific discipline is called Genetic Engineering. In it? s simplest footings it is the reordering of a familial Deoxyribonucleic acid sequence. It is a really controversial scientific discipline because it leads into moral and ethical issues, as to what can be done with it and what can non.

Canada is one of the few states without countrywide, federally legislated guidelines to cover with familial technology and experimenting.

Within the last six months ( as of this paper being written ) there was a babe born in the Calgary infirmary with a disease normally referred to as Boy In The Bubble Disease. The kid would hold become violently sick within two hebdomads of It? s birth and would hold died before it reached one twelvemonth old. However the parents of this kid were told about a extremely unprecedented technique that could quite perchance alter the babe? s hereafter of life or decease, they were warned that this method had non been tested on little kids, but merely laboratory animate beings. The parents agreed to seek it. They allowed Doctor Tom Bowen of the Calgary kids? s infirmary to take blood from the kid 4 hours. after birth, the blood was so quickly flown to Los Angeles California where the blood testing was done and a new cistron introduced into the specimen blood. From there the blood was flown back to Calgary and so reintroduced into the kid? s blood watercourse. Today child leads the life of an mean 6 month old.

Dr. Bowen provinces? We have the potency to make alot of injury, and an unbelievable sum of good. Let? s harness the good, maintain some control to it, and acquire our caputs out of the sand. ?

Developments have come a long manner since familial technology was foremost discovered. Right now scientists are working on a bacterium that will interrupt down rough oil and could be used to get the hang the elephantine Marine oil slipperinesss caused by oiler accidents. ( Taking Sides: Colliding positions on controversial bioethical issues, 1989. ) Another great thing they can make is the agriculture of bacteriums which can supply medical specialties such as ; insulin, the human growing endocrine, the blood curdling agent, and the rare

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interferon for unsusceptibility. ( Taking Sides, 1989 )

One of the newer things that scientists have been working on merely late is a remedy for HIV or the AIDS virus, what fundamentally would be done is, re-introduce the Deoxyribonucleic acid sequence that trades with the immune system. ( New York Times,1993 )

One thing that conservationists have already tried to halt is, the testing of B doing ice crystals to organize on the murphy works: the familial lowering of it? s temperature threshold is to detain the seasonal oncoming of hoar harm, with obvious advantages to agriculture. ( TAKING SIDES, 1989. )

But what would go of the bacteriums and medical specialty? Would they liberate from the confines of their undertaking, work stoppage out on their ain environmental and mutational callings, and drastically upset an ecological equilibrium unprepared for them? Is it allowable to play such games of opportunity with the environment? ( Taking Sides, 1989 ) When scientists created these medical specialties, bacteriums and cistrons they wanted to be able to let themselves to step in with the experiments and allow the old maestro return over once more at any clip and bid, ? In the closet/broom! broom! / As you were, ? and there they would stand motionless. ( ? The Sorcerer? s Apprentice. ? ) But at times things do non travel rather every bit planned and you get what is called the? Malcolm Effect? which is fundamentally this- no affair how you calculate and t

ry to calculate something out you can non wholly predict what will go on with it. ( e.g. ) There is pool tabular array set up, on it is one ball and your taw, you calculate that if you knock the taw with merely the right force at the side wall it will bounce and set down in the opposite pocket. However you do non cipher the fact that the ball is non absolutely smooth and that the side of the tabular array is non precisely directly therefore the ball merely girls and does non travel in the hole as you had calculated that it would. ( Jurassic Park, Michael Crichton )

The new developments that were stated before besides have great ruins, for illustration the growing endocrine is first-class for people who have the corresponding cistron lack, but what if person wished to be taller because, as alot of people are told? Tall Is Beautiful? the cistron so would be greatly desired. Unfortunately nevertheless if it burns right down to the issue of money, the maltreatment of this for people who merely have familial or cultural shortness and who have the money will have it, lawfully or otherwise.

What if they created a cistron to protract the biological clock, leting adult females to hold

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babes at a ulterior age in life. Or possibly one that would protract the sexual and generative capacities into higher ages, for which male demand would be highly acute. Imagine it, and inquire yourself whether it is good and wise, with regard to the person or the group, to tamper for ephameral-hedonistic grounds with the ways of nature, who here has set her ain times by the long test of development. ( Genethics: the moralss of technology life, 1988 )

In answer to all this 1 might state that any drug, even the most good, prescription or otherwise, can be abused, therefore the duty lies non with the maker, but with the patients and physicians with their duties as middle-men.

In Goethe? s drama Faust II, ( act 2 Scene? Laboratory? ) Wagner chastises Mephistopheles for believing that he would make a adult male in the? old fashioned? manner, instead than in a new and unattempted manner. There is one line I would wish to cite? Yet in the hereafter we will express joy at opportunity? . Is it non opportunity that brings us to the joy of cognizing that if I were to give birth to a kid I could non hold one indistinguishable to it by natural agencies? And is it non opportunity that surprises us with what is of all time new and what has ne’er been? but if we were to replace opportunity with scientific discipline we would assumedly cipher what would be and we would ne’er be surprised. Wouldn? T that be a deadening life? An highly deadening universe to populate in? Isn? T it opportunity that allows us our errors and our successes?

In my sentiment I believe that there should be some staunch guidelines which would protect us from scientists traveling to such an extreme. The guidelines should non nevertheless, make the scientists feel as though they were under the leading of a benevolent dictator. They should let the scientists the freedom to research in the medical field to salvage human lives and and remedy diseases but non let them to research for their ain personal addition. One thing that needs to be changed is the fact that remedies and counterpoisons can be patented, I believe that if this were to stay in consequence scientists could finally patent their ain ace worlds.

Levine, Carol Taking Sides: Colliding Positions On Controversial Bioethical Issues. Dushkin Publishing group, Inc. Guilford Conn. , 1989.

Suzuki, David. Knudston, Peter Genethics: The moralss of Engineering life. New information Enterprises, Toronto, Ont. 1988.

Bowen, Tom. Press Conference Dec. 1993

World book encylopedia, 1985 familial technology. vol. 8, G. p. 85

Dolan, Edward F. Matters of Life And Death Grolier Libraries, New York, N.Y. 1982

Medical Research Council of Canada. Vocabulary of Genetic Engineering. Canadian Government publication Centre. Ottawa, Ont. 1990

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