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Shampoo Planet Essay, Research Paper

& # 65279 ; Introduction/Thesis

Shakespeare & # 8217 ; s Othello is non merely a drama which embodies the struggle between

insider and foreigner. The paradigm of distinctness presented in this drama is more

complicated than the decision, & # 8220 ; Othello is different ; hence, he is bad. & # 8221 ; Othello & # 8217 ; s

character is to be revered. He is a title-holder among warriors ; an adviser among

councilmen ; a Moor among Venetians. Yes, Othello is a Moor, but within the initial

constellation of the drama, this fact is about irrelevant. His difference is non

constructed as distinctness. Othello, by his nature, is non an otherized character.

Besides being the colored Moor, Othello varies in no existent manner from the other

characters in the drama. Further, Othello and Iago can be seen as two sides of the same

destructive coin. With Iago as a foil and insurgent antagonist, Othello is non faulted

for the injudiciousnesss he commits. It is the innovation and projection of distinctness by

assorted characters in the drama, particularly Iago, which set the phase for the calamity of

unsimilarity which is to result.

Continually confronted with his difference, and seemingly associated lower status,

Othello finally ingests and manifests this difference in a violent fury against the

symbol and specifying emblem of his distinctness, Desdemona. Yet, who is to fault?

Which character is redeemed through our understanding so that another can be

condemned? Othello, the colored murdering Moor, himself. The separation of his

distinctness from explicit and innate immoralities contrasted with Iago & # 8217 ; s free-flowing and early-

established gustatory sensation for retaliation and penalty, alleviates Othello from duty.

Surely, Othello has wronged and is to be held condemnable & # 8211 ; with his decease & # 8211 ; but even

this is a self-inflicted hurt instead than a penalty which is judicially meted out,

unlike what we are led to believe Iago will endure.

Initial Impressions

In Shakespeare s calamity of Othello, we see Othello move through a character

patterned advance as he becomes consumed with Iago s connivings and fictions. He is

introduced as a tragic hero whose narratives of adversities endeared him non merely to his

new bride but his new father-in-law as good. Even Brabantio who throws many

calumniatory innuendos of Othello s usage of witchery and drugs to score

Desdemona into his craft snake pit, ( 1.3.102 ) was one time charmed and by this simple

adult male who bows to his repute in the face of a character challenge. Her male parent

loved me ; frequently invited me. . ./Still questioned me the narrative of my life/From twelvemonth to twelvemonth,

the conflict, besiegings, fortune/That I have passed. ( I.iii.127-30 )

The affliction of Othello s character is furthered by Iago s accent upon Othello s

simpleness and honestness which is aggressively contrasted with Iago s skillfully-crafted

towers of prevarications and bejeweled deceits. Othello may be a simple adult male with

rude address and strong weaponries, but he has been engaged in redeemable chases for

Venice for the past seven old ages. Despite the rumbles of animalism and witchery

that may be connected to his black tegument, these are no more than rumours and rumor.

Those in power, like the Duke of Venice, know and attest to Othello & # 8217 ; s true nature, as

he remarks, If virtue no delighted beauty deficiency, /Your son-in-law is far more just

than black. ( I.iii.284 ) . Othello & # 8217 ; s character is immaculate although his tegument is non. Even

Iago, Othello & # 8217 ; s Nemesis, acknowledges that the work of misrepresentation in front of him will be

lessened and facilitated by Othello & # 8217 ; s honest and swearing dispositions. The Moor is of

a free and unfastened nature/ That thinks work forces honest that seem to be so/And will as tenderly

be led by the nose/As buttockss are. ( I.iii.390-4 ) This, so, is Othello s mistake & # 8211 ; he trusts

those who protest love for him, which so would non be a mistake if those progressing

such claims were as honorable and true. He is naif and eager to swear those who have

given him no existent ground to make otherwise. In his childlike simpleness, Othello falls

victim to Iago, who is & # 8211 ; in fact & # 8211 ; despite all of Brabantio s concerns and guesss,

the existent magician. It is Iago, after all, who uses fume and mirrors to entice and convert

Othello into his ain craft snake pit.

Iago & # 8217 ; s Role

Surely Othello possesses base features & # 8211 ; jealously, self-pity, homicidal purpose & # 8211 ;

but they are non presented as cardinal or built-in to his character. They are non symbols

of his distinctness. & # 8220 ; Othello & # 8217 ; s belief is non caused by green-eyed monster ; it is forced upon him by

Iago, and is such as any adult male would and must experience who had believed in Iago as Othello

did. His great error is that we know Iago for a scoundrel from the first moment. & # 8221 ; This

is the Southern Cross of the issue of understanding for Othello & # 8217 ; s other position. In his ain words, Iago

nowadayss the secret which becomes the important issue and delivering factor for

Othello s character: Iago is evil, and true so. Others at that place are/Who, trimmed

in signifier and countenances of responsibility, /Keep yet their Black Marias go toing on themselves, /And,

throwing but shows of services on their Godheads, /Do good thrive by them, and when they

have lined their coats, /Do themselves court. . ./As such I do profess myself.

( I.i.46-53 ) Somehow, portrayed as the guiltless other who is duped by the conniving

ways of an covetous compatriot, Othello & # 8217 ; s character is relieved of duty. It

seems that no affair how moonstruck he may go, and homicidal even, he will non be

blamed for the fog of Iago & # 8217 ; s uses will dominate all of Othello & # 8217 ; s


A metaphysical transmutation takes topographic point within Othello so that he becomes the

exact antithesis of what he had been, and Iago is the facilitator. It is Iago & # 8217 ; s end,

apparently, to transform the perceptual experience of about every character in the drama & # 8211 ; from

Cassio to Roderigo & # 8211 ; to the antonym of what it had been. Even Desdemona shall non

get away his hurt, & # 8220 ; If [ Desdemona ] be black, and thereto have a humor, /She & # 8217 ; ll happen a white

that shall her inkiness fit. & # 8221 ; ( II.i.130-1 ) Desdemona acknowledges the paradoxes in

Iago & # 8217 ; s words, yet still she is unable to forestall these from going the paradox of her

life. The cosmopolitan consequence of Iago & # 8217 ; s actions furthers the degree of sympathy Othello

receives in the text. He is non the merely on

vitamin E ; they are all victims. In this manner, Othello’s

diminution can non be held up to him because they have all made vino of Iago & # 8217 ; s dishonest

juices. Iago & # 8217 ; s enticements Othello beyond judgement, & # 8220 ; I [ will ] set the Moor/At least into a

green-eyed monsters so strong/That judgement can non bring around. . . / [ And m ] ake the Moor thank me,

love me, and wages me/For doing him egregiously an ass/ . . .practicing upon his

peace and quiet/ Even to madness. & # 8221 ; ( II.i.300-310 ) This is Iago & # 8217 ; s expression. In the face of

such, there can merely be sympathy for the simple, good & # 8216 ; other & # 8217 ; Othello is in the procedure

of going.

Iago is able to play so good on Othello & # 8217 ; s insecurities for they are his ain. Again, we

return to the thought that Othello and Iago are so different sides of the same

destructive coin. Iago knows merely what to feed Othello because their hungrinesss are the

same. As Robert B. Heilman asserts in his & # 8220 ; Wit and Witchcraft, & # 8221 ; the two characters

portion & # 8221 ; . . . an unequal selfhood that crops up in self-pity and an oculus for rebuffs and

hurts, an. . . replete to comfort one & # 8217 ; s ain feelings by penalizing others ( with an air of

moral properness ) & # 8211 ; Othello warns, & # 8220 ; Perdition catch my soul/But I do love thee! And

when I love thee non, /Chaos is come again. & # 8221 ; ( III.iii.90-2 ) & # 8211 ; , [ and ] the demand to possess

on one & # 8217 ; s ain footings or destroy. & # 8221 ; Admiting this, Iago knows exactly how a

misplaced sigh or a peculiar batting of an oculus will impel Othello from the dutiful

hubby & # 8211 ; & # 8221 ; I will deny thee nothing. & # 8221 ; ( III.iii.76 ) & # 8211 ; to the self-doubting & # 8216 ; other & # 8217 ; who feels

unworthy of Desdemona & # 8217 ; s love, and therefore decides that he could hold ne’er had it:

Haply for I am black

And have non those soft parts of conversation

That chamberers have. . . I am abused, my alleviation

Must be to abhor her. O expletive of matrimony

That we can name these delicate animals ours,

And non their appetencies!

( III.iii.262-9 )

Othello & # 8217 ; s breakdown into self-questioning mirrors that of Richard III who became

entangled in the resistances of his character: what to believe about others and himself

every bit good. Finally, Othello becomes the angered other who seeks to destruct those who

hold made him experience as such & # 8211 ; himself included & # 8211 ; & # 8221 ; Arise, black retribution, from the

hollow snake pit. . .O, blood, blood, blood! & # 8221 ; ( III.iii.444 ; 448 ) In the class of one scene,

the composure, soft Othello has moved beyond demands for optic cogent evidence to those for

blood and retribution entirely.

Othello & # 8217 ; s unfortunate psychological motion coincides with his existent journey to

Cyprus, which becomes a metaphorical representation of the transmutation Othello

endures, go forthing what he ever was to go who he should ne’er be. & # 8220 ; Iago & # 8217 ; s

toxicant does non work more strongly through his images than through a caustic

wont of abstraction applied in those alone dealingss of love and religion where

abstraction is most irrelevant and most destructive. & # 8221 ; This is merely how Othello is lured

in. Iago appears to be honest in such a manner that his words are no longer the key. To

Othello, even the infinites between the words of his loyal Iago, are proof plenty, & # 8221 ; . . .

[ T ] hese Michigans of thine fright me more ; /For such things in a false disloyal knave/Are

fast ones of usage ; but in a adult male that & # 8217 ; s just/They & # 8217 ; re close dilations, working from the

heart/That passion can non rule. & # 8221 ; ( III.iii.120-4 ) The character of our patient, slow –

traveling and -thinking hero becomes an accelerated character whose choler, green-eyed monster, and

activity strike his reversible coin of devastation into gesture. Here a lunacy envelops

Othello so that is judgement is non his ain, but Iago s and his optic cogent evidence is nil

more than the finely-painted play Iago creates for him.

Othello & # 8217 ; s Transformation

Where is our hero s penetration? His inability to acknowledge that the trap by which Cassio

has been consumed is merely the precursor to his ain devastation, foreshadows

Othello s eventual ingestion by Iago s maneuverings. Here Othello is the mad

other & # 8211 ; non merely incarnating the antonym of what is the norm for his Venetian society,

but besides what is evidently the antonym of his ain individual and nature. Othello is

doubtless otherized & # 8211 ; non culpably by offending society s mores, but & # 8211 ;

tragically as his subjection makes him a alien & # 8211 ; an other & # 8211 ; even to himself.

The concluding measure in Othello s character transmutation and eventual motion into our

solidified understanding is his backward & # 8211 ; which is really progressive & # 8211 ; disposition toward

the recovery of what he had been. The recapturing of a lost religion and an effort to

right his ain wrongs is what characterizes this phase in Othello s development.

Othello himself is cognizant that in his lunacy, he was non himself. When Lodovico

inquires about Desdemona & # 8217 ; s liquidator, Othello answers, & # 8220 ; That & # 8217 ; s he that was Othello ;

Here I am. & # 8221 ; ( V.ii.280 ; accent mine ) There is a definite differentiation set up betwen the

Othello of the yesteryear and the I that is talking. It is exactly this kind of self-

scrutiny & # 8211 ; nevertheless after-the-fact it may be & # 8211 ; that disallows Othello & # 8217 ; s

word picture as the wild & # 8216 ; other & # 8217 ; meriting of no 1 & # 8217 ; s sympathy, particularly when he

is foiled by Iago the lone character in the drama missing any kind of constructive

self-contemplation. Here & # 8211 ; in position of blood, blood, blood & # 8211 ; Othello chants, & # 8220 ; O sap! Fool!

Fool! & # 8221 ; ( V.ii.319 ) Knowing he has non been himself, Othello asks to be remembered as

he was: low, loving, true, and naif. These are his redemptive qualities. These are

the foundation for his understanding:

I pray you, in your letters,

When you shall these luckless workss relate,

Speak of me as I am. . .

Then you must talk

Of one that loved non sagely, but excessively good ;

Of none non easy covetous, but, being wrought,

Perplexed in the extreme. . .

[ T ] hrew a pearl off

Richer than all his folk

( V.ii.336-344 )

This sentiment is aggressively contrasted by Iago, who is non merely unwilling to compensate his

ain wrongs but is besides loath to help the righting of others & # 8217 ; : & # 8220 ; Demand me nil.

What you know, you know. From this clip Forth I ne’er will talk word. & # 8221 ; At this

minute Iago is genuinely villianized, speech production in the prose Shakespeare militias merely for

villainous Ne & # 8217 ; er-do-wells.



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