Sexual Stereotypes Essay, Research Paper
The belief that adult females are more emotional than work forces is one of the most common findings in gender stereotype research. Womans are thought to see more frequent and more intense emotions, whereas work forces are thought to be emotionally inexpressive and to hold less intense emotional experiences. Although earlier research tended to measure differences in the planetary feature of emotionalism, recent attempts have taken a multidimensional attack, by analyzing whether stereotypes about emotionalism are emotion-specific. The present research takes this attack one measure further and explores whether gender-emotion stereotypes vary harmonizing to situational factors, such as the contextual nature of the emotional event. A turning organic structure of research has systematically shown that non all types of emotions are constantly associated with the female stereotype. Specifically, grownups tend to tie in felicity, unhappiness, and fright with misss and adult females, whereas they tend to tie in choler with male childs and work forces. Even preschool kids hold emotion-specific stereotypes that are similar to those held by grownup.
Findingss, nevertheless, suggest that emotionalism stereotypes do vary with the age of the mark individual. Evidence was found that gender-emotion associations tend to be stronger for grownup marks than for kids. Geer and Shields argue that the stereotype of work forces as unemotional is more accurate for grownup marks than for child marks because males learn to command their emotions as they get older. They suggest that the account for this stronger association lies in the difference between the experience of the implicit in emotion and the look of the emotion. Both adult females and work forces may see felicity in a similar manner, but adult females have been taught that they can strongly show the emotion of felicity, whereas work forces have been taught to command it. The impact of socialisation patterns accumulate over clip, and therefore these stereotypes are likely to use more strongly to adult populations.
Research workers have argued that it is the differences in the look of an emotion, and non the experience of an emotion, that underlie the gender-emotio
n stereotype. In support of this statement, findings indicated that grownups could separate between men’s and women’s emotional looks and emotional experiences and that the documented gender-differentiated perceptual experiences occurred for emotional looks merely. Specifically, their participants perceived adult females as showing their emotions more frequently than work forces, but no differences were found between perceptual experiences of men’s and women’s emotional experience.
Numerous surveies have been conducted comparing the reported emotional experiences of adult females and work forces. Recent reappraisals seem to propose that the form of gender differences in emotional experience can be accounted for by differences in the methods by which these experiences are assessed. Specifically, methods that assess emotional experience utilizing physiological steps or utilizing experiential methods, such as diary surveies, tend to describe fewer gender differences. Womans and work forces tend to depict their emotional experiences in similar ways, utilizing similar linguistic communication, for similar person-context interactions. For illustration, both adult females and work forces are likely to experience heartache over the loss of a loved one and joy over a well-deserved wages.
In contrast, surveies that involve retrospective self-reports of one & # 8217 ; s ain emotional experiences find differences that support the stereotype. Women self-report that their ain emotional experiences are more frequent and more intense than work forces study. These differences in self-reports are besides more likely to happen in contexts that support more general stereotypes about work forces and adult females. Research workers have concluded that adult females by and large report that they are more emotional when methods of assessment involve public look instead than private experience, when self-report steps are used, and in contexts that emphasize gender functions. Therefore, the gender difference is most dramatic when situational factors make gender more outstanding, such that adult females tend to describe greater emotional experiences than work forces in state of affairss that involve interpersonal instead than impersonal emotion elicitors.
Kelly, Janice R. Gender-emotion stereotypes are context specific. Sexual activity Functions: A Journal of Research. hypertext transfer protocol: //www.articles.com Jan 1999.