Overcrowded Prisons Essay, Research Paper
Many prisons throughout the United States have been sing the job of overcrowdedness. This is non a new issue though, in April of 1978 New York State was already experiencing the affect of crowded prisons. In an effort to relieve the job the province tried to purchase Richers Island from New York City. Since so a rise in population and in poorness have increased the job and the authorities has been think of solutions of all time since. The chief job was coming up with plans that kept felons off the streets without overpopulating the prisons. One illustration of how the authorities tried to do the streets safer was by enforcing compulsory minimal sentences. They were designed to set people behind bars that until so were being released with nil more than a smack on the carpus. The job began when they realized that although less felons were on the streets there were besides more in prison which took up infinite for new captives, who in some instances should be there before the 1s that were already populating the gaol. There have been many new experimental plans in which the authorities is seeking to maintain the prison population down. Some of these have proved to be really successful while others have failed. Although non everybody agrees on what the solution they do hold that something has to be changed.
Although many agree that compulsory minimal sentences are out dated and should non be imposed any longer, there are those who approve and back up them. Those in favour of them have two strong grounds for there beliefs. First, they believe that the sentences act as a hindrance to possible felons. The sentences are particularly aimed at drug related offenses. The thought was to discourage people, particularly teens, from looking to do some money in the drug concern by weighing it against the gaol clip they would have if the were caught. This besides straight makes the streets safer by frightening people off from a life of offense. Another statement people have in favour of the sentencing is it speeds up the legal procedure. Because many of the offenses are misdemeanours, there are no condemnable tests. Therefore, when a individual is convicted they go directly to imprison without holding to wait for a sentencing day of the month. Besides, with compulsory minimal sentencing there is no opportunity of a supplication deal.
The statement against compulsory minimal sentencing is, nevertheless, every bit strong as the statement against them. The chief ground against this type of sentencing is what I spoke of in the debut, overcrowded prisons. In a clip when overcrowding in going a really major job in prisons things like mandatary lower limits merely add to the job. Judges are forced to set certain people off for a set sum of clip regardless of there past R
ecord. In theory, a individual who is a first clip drug wrongdoer at the age of 18 could function more clip than a 30 twelvemonth old kid molester.
However this issue is non merely cut and dry. There is a medium someplace in between where an understanding can be made. Even the people who agree that the compulsory sentences should be imposed besides believe that they should besides be controlled someway. And that goes the other manner excessively, the people who don t agree with them do hold that felons should non merely be let free. The offense that is on the rise the most recently does non hold a compulsory minimal sentence. This offense is related to all sex offenses. Many people believe that as society changes the Torahs that govern it should alter with it. It is pathetic to me that a kid molester should non function three times what a drug wrongdoer should function. Although drugs in our society are a large job the is no ground why person who sold pot in their life one time and got caught should take up cell infinite alternatively of a molester.
Of class, there are options to incarceration wholly. One of these plans is Shock intervention. Shock was designed for immature people who were first clip drug wrongdoers. It is now unfastened to any wellness, first clip wrongdoer of a misdemeanour, that is no older than 30 eight old ages old. In order to have Shock you must acquire a recommendation from the tribunal and so set in an application yourself. The application is so reviewed and can either base on balls or be denied in which instance you must function you full sentence. If accepted you go through a six month plan of physical and mental preparation. It is a cantonment which is designed after a military boot cantonment. While there you are allowed to prosecute your G.E.D. and larn a trade so you are an plus to society when, and if you graduate. An mean twenty-four hours at one of the Shock centres in New York starts off with forenoon physical preparation. Then you have category to have your grade. After that you so attend drug and intoxicant consciousness categories. You so travel to another physical preparation session. The plan is designed to construct self-discipline along with self-esteem. I personally know person in Shock right now. He went to high school with me and like many childs from my country turned to drugs. Now he realizes what he did and programs on get downing fresh in a new metropolis when he is released in January. Once you are released you stay on probation for the balance of your sentence. For illustration, if you are sentenced to three old ages in province prison but receive Shock, the you serve your six months and the you are on words for two and a half old ages. If at any clip you violate your word you are back in gaol to function your full sentence. Besides, if you are dismissed from the cantonment for bad behaviour you go directly to a cell to function your clip.